Wednesday, October 8, 2014



Addu City Council Feydhoo Seat is won by MDP candidate. In the three local council elections held so far, PPM was silently defeated by MDP.

It is believed the membership proportion between MDP to PPM in Feydhoo is 55:45 and the final score of 2014 September election result came with perfect match. 2014 January election result shows 49:42 for MDP and PPM with two more candidates in the election. The figures when converted to percentage come out with similar ratio which is 53:47. The gap between PPM and MDP rising from 6 to 10% is believed to be significantly high while PPM in power. I believe it should be a matter of concern for PPM as well.

Looking at the figures, we understand more people voted for MDP than PPM at both local council elections held in 2014. During the elections, MDP front line activists believed their is no need for harsh campaign as they are able to defeat PPM easily. PPM activists say it is easy to shatter and persuade MDP voters towards PPM. They were successful with it to some extent as well.

In both elections, MDP did a silent campaign while PPM was noisier.

According to 'Political Campaign Manual' of National Democratic Institute, data is one of the crucial element in any political campaign. Although there were three or four major elections recently, MDP treated each election as unique and used their long kept data to the full advantage with guidance and expertise from same leadership well trained by Conservative Party of UK.

PPM Feydhoo does not maintain proper data and campaigns were held with reflections from the past. PPM candidate wanted to campaign on her own style not relying much on others. The intentional disinvolvement of PPM patch leaders in the front-line of campaign might be a significant minus for PPM.

Ronald A. Faucheux in his book 'Winning Elections: Political Campaign Management, Strategy, and Tactics' says questions like; how many are registered to vote, what could be the expected yield, how many are pledged voters, how many voters are to be targeted, what could be strategies to persuade the targeted voters and how to implement the strategies; are important questions to win any election. 

MDP diligently targeted voters with the power of their accurate data and statistic and persuaded as much voters as possible within the MDP. MDP members alone is enough to win the election. However, they moved out of their comfort zone wherever possible. PPM did not target their voters and tried to persuade as many voters within MDP as possible. I believe PPM did persuade a pretty good number of voters within MDP as several youngsters signed for PPM and joined campaign. This was a progressive step to PPM. PPM did not target their own voters without their support it was not possible to win the election. PPM candidate believed it is customary for PPM members to vote it's candidate. However, there were mixed feelings towards this belief.

PPM organized expensive campaign events that include but not limited to daily evening tea where candidate was visible and expressed dialogue with visitors, continuous door to door visit till the very last day, President Yameen's Feydhoo visit during campaign, and a music show and a road show with professionals from Male.

MDP campaign was silent. Apart from candidate's door to door visit and one or two rallies no other activity was visible.

Both PPM and MDP did not come out with a clear message to voters. There were several slogans and messages over the social media. Non of the candidates addressed the power vested in them by the constitution and how to get along with it to the benefit of city folks.

The credibility of MDP candidate was high among elders and middle-aged people. He was a former footballer. Among his team members of that time, he is still a popular choice. He was a teacher and a Headmaster at Feydhoo School. His students of those days have a soft corner for him even today. PPM candidate is yet young and was very popular among youngsters.

In local elections, family play an important role to win the seat. MDP candidate was from one of the biggest families called 'mohodhaage'. His wife is from another big family called 'vevukandhigey'. It is said the candidate and his allies persuaded incredibly high number of votes within the circle of two extended families. PPM candidate was from the popular family of Katheeb Dhonrahaa. The family was one of the very influential during their time and it's strong roots prevail even today.

There is a pretty good number of votes within hands of people with radical thinking or believed to be radical thinkers. There was a fierce anti-campaign against PPM candidate saying there should be no woman leader in a society of Muslims. I believe this worked to some extent.

In addition there was fierce anti-campaign against PPM candidate at social media. Her character was badly assassinated several times. This was systematically implemented by MDP fans. However, I did not come across a single moment of anti-campaign on behalf of  PPM candidate. Despite that, I believe both candidates were equally popular at the social media.

The appearance of Mr.Ibrahim Didi, Member of Parliament for Feydhoo Constituency, should be a special mention. He worked harder to make it a success for PPM candidate. To be frank he worked harder for this campaign than his own campaign for parliamentary election. He spent all his time and energy for the campaign in addition to financing major campaign activities. He influenced many voters behind the curtain. I believe the gap between PPM and MDP would have been much bigger if he was not involved in the campaign at the level he did. He toiled every drop of sweat for PPM success till the very last minute and he was speechless for days after losing the election.

The willingness of PPM Leadership to support and elect their candidate was highest among all elections since 2013. They paved every possible way for the candidate to win.

The popularity of candidate, high number of votes within the extended family, and a large pool of pledged voters within the party were strengths of MDP candidate. Governmental support, MP Ibrahim Didi's full support and involvement, family members to support and lend a hand at the party leadership level, and being popular among MDP youth were strengths for PPM candidate.

According to PPM seniors, relying much on opposite party votes is not very advisable as people and youth at party activist level are very difficult to persuade to vote opposition candidate although they maintain a healthy relationship.

It was difficult for PPM candidate to have a clear picture of voter intention as the candidate herself tried to analyse it. When the candidate approaches voters, it's a simple 'YES' from everyone. There was no strategy to cross check. The patch leaders who are experienced in this work did not participate in the campaign.

A highly structured strategic actions to target voters of both PPM and MDP with accurate data and statistic could have made the result very different, if not shocking.






Is Trial and Error the Reason for PPM Feydhoo to Lose Local Council Election?



Addu City Council Feydhoo Seat is won by MDP candidate. In the three local council elections held so far, PPM was silently defeated by MDP.

It is believed the membership proportion between MDP to PPM in Feydhoo is 55:45 and the final score of 2014 September election result came with perfect match. 2014 January election result shows 49:42 for MDP and PPM with two more candidates in the election. The figures when converted to percentage come out with similar ratio which is 53:47. The gap between PPM and MDP rising from 6 to 10% is believed to be significantly high while PPM in power. I believe it should be a matter of concern for PPM as well.

Looking at the figures, we understand more people voted for MDP than PPM at both local council elections held in 2014. During the elections, MDP front line activists believed their is no need for harsh campaign as they are able to defeat PPM easily. PPM activists say it is easy to shatter and persuade MDP voters towards PPM. They were successful with it to some extent as well.

In both elections, MDP did a silent campaign while PPM was noisier.

According to 'Political Campaign Manual' of National Democratic Institute, data is one of the crucial element in any political campaign. Although there were three or four major elections recently, MDP treated each election as unique and used their long kept data to the full advantage with guidance and expertise from same leadership well trained by Conservative Party of UK.

PPM Feydhoo does not maintain proper data and campaigns were held with reflections from the past. PPM candidate wanted to campaign on her own style not relying much on others. The intentional disinvolvement of PPM patch leaders in the front-line of campaign might be a significant minus for PPM.

Ronald A. Faucheux in his book 'Winning Elections: Political Campaign Management, Strategy, and Tactics' says questions like; how many are registered to vote, what could be the expected yield, how many are pledged voters, how many voters are to be targeted, what could be strategies to persuade the targeted voters and how to implement the strategies; are important questions to win any election. 

MDP diligently targeted voters with the power of their accurate data and statistic and persuaded as much voters as possible within the MDP. MDP members alone is enough to win the election. However, they moved out of their comfort zone wherever possible. PPM did not target their voters and tried to persuade as many voters within MDP as possible. I believe PPM did persuade a pretty good number of voters within MDP as several youngsters signed for PPM and joined campaign. This was a progressive step to PPM. PPM did not target their own voters without their support it was not possible to win the election. PPM candidate believed it is customary for PPM members to vote it's candidate. However, there were mixed feelings towards this belief.

PPM organized expensive campaign events that include but not limited to daily evening tea where candidate was visible and expressed dialogue with visitors, continuous door to door visit till the very last day, President Yameen's Feydhoo visit during campaign, and a music show and a road show with professionals from Male.

MDP campaign was silent. Apart from candidate's door to door visit and one or two rallies no other activity was visible.

Both PPM and MDP did not come out with a clear message to voters. There were several slogans and messages over the social media. Non of the candidates addressed the power vested in them by the constitution and how to get along with it to the benefit of city folks.

The credibility of MDP candidate was high among elders and middle-aged people. He was a former footballer. Among his team members of that time, he is still a popular choice. He was a teacher and a Headmaster at Feydhoo School. His students of those days have a soft corner for him even today. PPM candidate is yet young and was very popular among youngsters.

In local elections, family play an important role to win the seat. MDP candidate was from one of the biggest families called 'mohodhaage'. His wife is from another big family called 'vevukandhigey'. It is said the candidate and his allies persuaded incredibly high number of votes within the circle of two extended families. PPM candidate was from the popular family of Katheeb Dhonrahaa. The family was one of the very influential during their time and it's strong roots prevail even today.

There is a pretty good number of votes within hands of people with radical thinking or believed to be radical thinkers. There was a fierce anti-campaign against PPM candidate saying there should be no woman leader in a society of Muslims. I believe this worked to some extent.

In addition there was fierce anti-campaign against PPM candidate at social media. Her character was badly assassinated several times. This was systematically implemented by MDP fans. However, I did not come across a single moment of anti-campaign on behalf of  PPM candidate. Despite that, I believe both candidates were equally popular at the social media.

The appearance of Mr.Ibrahim Didi, Member of Parliament for Feydhoo Constituency, should be a special mention. He worked harder to make it a success for PPM candidate. To be frank he worked harder for this campaign than his own campaign for parliamentary election. He spent all his time and energy for the campaign in addition to financing major campaign activities. He influenced many voters behind the curtain. I believe the gap between PPM and MDP would have been much bigger if he was not involved in the campaign at the level he did. He toiled every drop of sweat for PPM success till the very last minute and he was speechless for days after losing the election.

The willingness of PPM Leadership to support and elect their candidate was highest among all elections since 2013. They paved every possible way for the candidate to win.

The popularity of candidate, high number of votes within the extended family, and a large pool of pledged voters within the party were strengths of MDP candidate. Governmental support, MP Ibrahim Didi's full support and involvement, family members to support and lend a hand at the party leadership level, and being popular among MDP youth were strengths for PPM candidate.

According to PPM seniors, relying much on opposite party votes is not very advisable as people and youth at party activist level are very difficult to persuade to vote opposition candidate although they maintain a healthy relationship.

It was difficult for PPM candidate to have a clear picture of voter intention as the candidate herself tried to analyse it. When the candidate approaches voters, it's a simple 'YES' from everyone. There was no strategy to cross check. The patch leaders who are experienced in this work did not participate in the campaign.

A highly structured strategic actions to target voters of both PPM and MDP with accurate data and statistic could have made the result very different, if not shocking.






Sunday, May 25, 2014





When talking about literacy, the first thing comes to mind is those days I spent with old-folks to teach them functional literacy under 'Asaasee Thauleem' program. It was a wonderful experience and the time spent with them is truly unforgettable. I still remember how they reacted towards the reproductive system drawn on the blackboard when they arrived to class. They were very keen to learn what their parents and friends did not share with them.

It was 1980s and the functional literacy during those days and today are very different. Those days people conveyed their messages through radio telephone and letters. Radio telephone was accessible to only privileged few and the public communicated mainly through letters. However, those days of  'haa shaviyagngnaa noonaa raayaa baayaa.... ' has progressed to www dot com and today almost everyone communicates through internet.

Maldivian functional literacy standard today may be; communicate through email, browse the internet and search information, read online local newspapers, install Dhivehi and Thaana fonts on laptop and desktop computers, search and download pdf application forms, fill in online applications, and typing English and Thaana letters and documents. Handwritten official correspondences during the 1980s are printed today and everyone is expected to write letters and documents with computer. Comprehending Quicken generated pay slips and POS generated cash receipts, operating ATM machines, make online payments are skills everyone is expected to know as Maldives has geared towards inline to online.

Coming to educated, let us first see who is an educated person?

An educated person is one who has undergone a process of learning that results in enhanced mental capability to function effectively in familiar and novel situations in personal and intellectual life.
I remember teaching environmental studies for students of grade five where I was teaching a lesson on groupers. I met a girl there whose knowledge on groupers was certainly much superior to me. Once I asked the girl about how she learned about groupers. She explained saying, she has got a thick book of 500 pages on groupers and she read the book in full. Certainly that girl is more educated than me on groupers.

To become educated one needs to acquire knowledge. It may be from schools, colleges, training, experiences, books, journals, magazines, radio and TV, internet etc. Schooling is the most popular mode of education. However, it is not the only mode of education. There are school leavers who are barely literate and there are many educated people with no formal schooling. Therefore, it is perfectly reasonable to conclude getting educated is not limited to schooling.

Life experience college credits are given in popular universities today. This means if you are capable of showing mastery of knowledge and skill of a concerned subject you are awarded. This is legal and accredited in many developed countries, that includes but not limited to United States, Canada, United Kingdom and Australia.

Qualified people are easier to distinguish. A qualified person, technically referred as QP needs to have knowledge and understanding of the concerned subject. He must have credentials usually referred as degree or certificate by a formal authority recognized by a government or an agency recognized by a government. The credentials must fit in the qualification framework of the society where it is to recognized.

The qualifications framework is an instrument for the development, classification and recognition of skills, knowledge and competencies along a continuum of agreed levels. It indicates the comparability of different qualifications and how one can progress from one level to another, within and across occupations or industrial sectors.

To become qualified it is extremely important for the credential to fit in the qualification framework. I have come across several friends whose credentials does not fit the framework, and are considered unqualified. However, they did studied in recognized institutions and obtained valid credentials.

The Maldivian qualification framework requires to have O Level and A Level before obtaining a degree. This means more than three years of education to reach the bachelors degree after O Level. However, there are institutes in South Asia awarding degrees within years after O Level. They may be recognized in some countries but not in Maldives and many countries.

The term “professional” carries a lot of different meanings and connotations. It’s also connected with a wide range of practices: sports, entertainment, medicine, law, engineering, etc. But what does being a professional actually mean?

Everything is not plain and simple in the professional world. Different people have their own takes on what defines a pro. How many different kinds of professionals are in your business?

A professional is said to have specialized knowledge and skills set that are a product of many years of formal education. A lawyer or doctor, for instance, needs to spend much more time studying than individuals from many other fields. When an expert theoretical background eventually translates to an even stronger set of skills, people are often called a professional.

Some professional titles are restricted because of licensing or permit requirements that are secured from a (usually government) agency. In the Maldives, for example, doctors are required to undergo a licensure before they start practicing.

Society for Human Resources Management of USA, American Psychological Association, United Kingdom Association of Professional Engineers, and Australian Institute of Office Professionals—these are just a few of the many industry organizations that attempt to standardize and professionalize their practices through guidelines and regulations which every member must observe. Membership in such societies can cement one’s professional status.

In most cases, professionals are paid while amateurs are not. Among paid workers, professionals often receive greater compensation due to their specific expertise, great experience, and limited availability. More seasoned professionals tend to receive more money. By this measure, most workers can claim to be a professional something.

During the 2014 parliamentary election, we were a bit confused to distinguish literate from educated and qualified from professionals. I hope this article helps to understand the terms better.





Are You Literate, Educated, Qualified or Professional?





When talking about literacy, the first thing comes to mind is those days I spent with old-folks to teach them functional literacy under 'Asaasee Thauleem' program. It was a wonderful experience and the time spent with them is truly unforgettable. I still remember how they reacted towards the reproductive system drawn on the blackboard when they arrived to class. They were very keen to learn what their parents and friends did not share with them.

It was 1980s and the functional literacy during those days and today are very different. Those days people conveyed their messages through radio telephone and letters. Radio telephone was accessible to only privileged few and the public communicated mainly through letters. However, those days of  'haa shaviyagngnaa noonaa raayaa baayaa.... ' has progressed to www dot com and today almost everyone communicates through internet.

Maldivian functional literacy standard today may be; communicate through email, browse the internet and search information, read online local newspapers, install Dhivehi and Thaana fonts on laptop and desktop computers, search and download pdf application forms, fill in online applications, and typing English and Thaana letters and documents. Handwritten official correspondences during the 1980s are printed today and everyone is expected to write letters and documents with computer. Comprehending Quicken generated pay slips and POS generated cash receipts, operating ATM machines, make online payments are skills everyone is expected to know as Maldives has geared towards inline to online.

Coming to educated, let us first see who is an educated person?

An educated person is one who has undergone a process of learning that results in enhanced mental capability to function effectively in familiar and novel situations in personal and intellectual life.
I remember teaching environmental studies for students of grade five where I was teaching a lesson on groupers. I met a girl there whose knowledge on groupers was certainly much superior to me. Once I asked the girl about how she learned about groupers. She explained saying, she has got a thick book of 500 pages on groupers and she read the book in full. Certainly that girl is more educated than me on groupers.

To become educated one needs to acquire knowledge. It may be from schools, colleges, training, experiences, books, journals, magazines, radio and TV, internet etc. Schooling is the most popular mode of education. However, it is not the only mode of education. There are school leavers who are barely literate and there are many educated people with no formal schooling. Therefore, it is perfectly reasonable to conclude getting educated is not limited to schooling.

Life experience college credits are given in popular universities today. This means if you are capable of showing mastery of knowledge and skill of a concerned subject you are awarded. This is legal and accredited in many developed countries, that includes but not limited to United States, Canada, United Kingdom and Australia.

Qualified people are easier to distinguish. A qualified person, technically referred as QP needs to have knowledge and understanding of the concerned subject. He must have credentials usually referred as degree or certificate by a formal authority recognized by a government or an agency recognized by a government. The credentials must fit in the qualification framework of the society where it is to recognized.

The qualifications framework is an instrument for the development, classification and recognition of skills, knowledge and competencies along a continuum of agreed levels. It indicates the comparability of different qualifications and how one can progress from one level to another, within and across occupations or industrial sectors.

To become qualified it is extremely important for the credential to fit in the qualification framework. I have come across several friends whose credentials does not fit the framework, and are considered unqualified. However, they did studied in recognized institutions and obtained valid credentials.

The Maldivian qualification framework requires to have O Level and A Level before obtaining a degree. This means more than three years of education to reach the bachelors degree after O Level. However, there are institutes in South Asia awarding degrees within years after O Level. They may be recognized in some countries but not in Maldives and many countries.

The term “professional” carries a lot of different meanings and connotations. It’s also connected with a wide range of practices: sports, entertainment, medicine, law, engineering, etc. But what does being a professional actually mean?

Everything is not plain and simple in the professional world. Different people have their own takes on what defines a pro. How many different kinds of professionals are in your business?

A professional is said to have specialized knowledge and skills set that are a product of many years of formal education. A lawyer or doctor, for instance, needs to spend much more time studying than individuals from many other fields. When an expert theoretical background eventually translates to an even stronger set of skills, people are often called a professional.

Some professional titles are restricted because of licensing or permit requirements that are secured from a (usually government) agency. In the Maldives, for example, doctors are required to undergo a licensure before they start practicing.

Society for Human Resources Management of USA, American Psychological Association, United Kingdom Association of Professional Engineers, and Australian Institute of Office Professionals—these are just a few of the many industry organizations that attempt to standardize and professionalize their practices through guidelines and regulations which every member must observe. Membership in such societies can cement one’s professional status.

In most cases, professionals are paid while amateurs are not. Among paid workers, professionals often receive greater compensation due to their specific expertise, great experience, and limited availability. More seasoned professionals tend to receive more money. By this measure, most workers can claim to be a professional something.

During the 2014 parliamentary election, we were a bit confused to distinguish literate from educated and qualified from professionals. I hope this article helps to understand the terms better.





Sunday, March 30, 2014


Ibrahim Didi won the seat of  Addu City Feydhoo Constituency of 18th parliamentary election. The winning was result of conscientious efforts of his family, friends and well wishers.

Soon after getting elected for a parliamentary candidate by party primary, Ibrahim Didi started campaign activities where he did not get much cooperation from the party leadership of Feydhoo. Ibrahim Didi being vice-president of PPM Feydhoo did his best to re-unite everyone who has gone astray after hearing the shocking result of party primary. Ibrahim Didi won the primary pole with a higher score than the total score of the other three candidates contested. The three candidates included President, Secretary General and a front line supporter of PPM Feydhoo.

The government was very decent to lend a hand to Ibrahim Didi's effort to re-unite the party. It seems the government knocked every door to pave ways for Ibrahim Didi. Unfortunately, things did not work as expected and their effort to re-unite the party leadership was not totally successful.

Ibrahim Didi was charismatic enough to persuade PPM front line supporters and almost all of them worked for him during the primary and the election as well. According to them, they decided to support him after analysis of the will of the party supporters. The result of the primary too said the same thing.

The family of Ibrahim Didi was highly committed to campaign work and all members of his immediate and extended family worked hard to make it a success. The pool that consisted his kids, siblings, cousins and second cousins are big in number and they all, by heart and soul, were fully committed to elect him. There were many friends, well wishers behind him. Among them; some are, perhaps, not even known to him.

His brother Abdulla Didi managed to persuade a large number of MDP voters towards him. Abdullla Didi is a hardcore MDP supporter. His sister Waheedha was another stronghold to persuade voters for him within former JP/Gaumee coalition.

The role of his mother, Mariyam Ibrahim, must be a particular mention. She was very busy with evening tea for the mass everyday during campaign. Her two daughters too worked with her and played a major role in it.

Ibrahim Didi won the seat with a surprising result for some people. It seems MDP front line supporters were quite confident to win the seat for MDP. They said MDP cannot be compared with PPM as it is a democratically matured party with a comparatively large number of voters.

There were no hostility between MDP and PPM and they both campaigned much better than earlier days. It seems the charismatic aspect of Ibrahim Didi defused many incidents at the very right time at a right level of intensity.

However, there was harsh dialogue by the independent candidate towards Ibrahim Didi. According to him, he himself is the 'qabil candidate' and it is wise to vote him. His notion of 'qabil candidate' is the one with an academic or professional qualification at a tertiary level. However, this claim is invalid as per constitutional eligibility criterion. Ibrahim Didi getting more than twelve votes for every single vote of this candidate depicts very well how the public reacted to the claim.

Apart from that, things went on smoothly. Ibrahim Didi and his team was non-reactive and campaign activities continued in a non-violent environment. Apart from cutting few banners and putting sarcastic comments on Facebook, everything went on very well.

At the beginning, Ibrahim Didi was not very active on Facebook but his team dominated the whole Facebook after sometime. On average Ibrahim Didi appeared 96 times on Facebook everyday during latter days of the campaign. His supporters increased day by day and his Facebook fans skyrocketed from a handful to 5000 at the very beginning of the campaign. Just like highest number of votes, he had the highest number of Facebook fans among the four candidates contested for Feydhoo constituency.

He expects a cheerful evening with all his supporters soon, perhaps on next Friday.

I wish Feydhoo peace, prosperity and progress during the era of Ibrahim Didi and I wish him well.


Ibrahim Didi Diligently Wins Parliamentary Election


Ibrahim Didi won the seat of  Addu City Feydhoo Constituency of 18th parliamentary election. The winning was result of conscientious efforts of his family, friends and well wishers.

Soon after getting elected for a parliamentary candidate by party primary, Ibrahim Didi started campaign activities where he did not get much cooperation from the party leadership of Feydhoo. Ibrahim Didi being vice-president of PPM Feydhoo did his best to re-unite everyone who has gone astray after hearing the shocking result of party primary. Ibrahim Didi won the primary pole with a higher score than the total score of the other three candidates contested. The three candidates included President, Secretary General and a front line supporter of PPM Feydhoo.

The government was very decent to lend a hand to Ibrahim Didi's effort to re-unite the party. It seems the government knocked every door to pave ways for Ibrahim Didi. Unfortunately, things did not work as expected and their effort to re-unite the party leadership was not totally successful.

Ibrahim Didi was charismatic enough to persuade PPM front line supporters and almost all of them worked for him during the primary and the election as well. According to them, they decided to support him after analysis of the will of the party supporters. The result of the primary too said the same thing.

The family of Ibrahim Didi was highly committed to campaign work and all members of his immediate and extended family worked hard to make it a success. The pool that consisted his kids, siblings, cousins and second cousins are big in number and they all, by heart and soul, were fully committed to elect him. There were many friends, well wishers behind him. Among them; some are, perhaps, not even known to him.

His brother Abdulla Didi managed to persuade a large number of MDP voters towards him. Abdullla Didi is a hardcore MDP supporter. His sister Waheedha was another stronghold to persuade voters for him within former JP/Gaumee coalition.

The role of his mother, Mariyam Ibrahim, must be a particular mention. She was very busy with evening tea for the mass everyday during campaign. Her two daughters too worked with her and played a major role in it.

Ibrahim Didi won the seat with a surprising result for some people. It seems MDP front line supporters were quite confident to win the seat for MDP. They said MDP cannot be compared with PPM as it is a democratically matured party with a comparatively large number of voters.

There were no hostility between MDP and PPM and they both campaigned much better than earlier days. It seems the charismatic aspect of Ibrahim Didi defused many incidents at the very right time at a right level of intensity.

However, there was harsh dialogue by the independent candidate towards Ibrahim Didi. According to him, he himself is the 'qabil candidate' and it is wise to vote him. His notion of 'qabil candidate' is the one with an academic or professional qualification at a tertiary level. However, this claim is invalid as per constitutional eligibility criterion. Ibrahim Didi getting more than twelve votes for every single vote of this candidate depicts very well how the public reacted to the claim.

Apart from that, things went on smoothly. Ibrahim Didi and his team was non-reactive and campaign activities continued in a non-violent environment. Apart from cutting few banners and putting sarcastic comments on Facebook, everything went on very well.

At the beginning, Ibrahim Didi was not very active on Facebook but his team dominated the whole Facebook after sometime. On average Ibrahim Didi appeared 96 times on Facebook everyday during latter days of the campaign. His supporters increased day by day and his Facebook fans skyrocketed from a handful to 5000 at the very beginning of the campaign. Just like highest number of votes, he had the highest number of Facebook fans among the four candidates contested for Feydhoo constituency.

He expects a cheerful evening with all his supporters soon, perhaps on next Friday.

I wish Feydhoo peace, prosperity and progress during the era of Ibrahim Didi and I wish him well.


Monday, February 3, 2014



President Gayyoom ratified the poplar green constitution of Maldives during his last term of presidency that succeeded the proliferation of liberal democracy in the Maldives. President Nasheed, the leader of MDP, was the first democratically elected president.

Since 2008 presidential election, two local council elections and one parliamentary election was held. If we look at the statistics of the three elections, we understand MDP-won-elections comparatively increased. It is said the number of true MDP members also increased tremendously.

Local Councils

At the first local council election during 2008, PPM won almost all the atolls. It is said  some councils tried to institutionalize their councils as self-governing states like federations while Maldives is a unitary state. Maldives, as a unitary state, governs on a single unit where central government is supreme and administrative governments exercise powers it's central government chooses to delegate. I believe the purpose of the Local Government Act does not mean to give autonomy to local governments but to pave ways to exercise powers delegated to them.

President Nasheed then established institutions called 'Gaumee Idhaaraa'. The intention was to harmonize conflicts between  councils and central government. However, the institutions did not function as expected. Councils considered them extra layer of bureaucracy and wanted to bypass them. I believe Maldivians by nature love quick fixes and always want royal roads to walk on.

After Nasheed administration, President Waheed abolished Gaumee Idhaaraa on the very next day. Even then it does nor seem the councils performed any better. I believe neither the councils nor the government succeeded in meeting peoples' expectations during local governments' first term.

The results of local council election for the second term came out with a very different picture. This time MDP won fairly handsome portion of seats.  PPM, though in power, succeeded comparatively very less. The number of seats won by the JP was also significant while Adhaalath and MDA won few seats.

Parliament

First parliamentary election after the arrival of democracy was held in 2009. MDP, while in power, did not win the majority. The opposition DRP got the most seats. Neither ruling party nor opposition got clear majority. After sometime DRP was divided into two and there emerged a new party called PPM within DRP. Since then, DRP started fading the shining rays and today it is doubtful if it is going to long last any more.

After sometime, parliament members from PPM joined MDP and their voice became louder and stronger in the parliament. MDP members' hostile confrontation and refusal to listen presidential address by President Waheed during 2012 and 2013 were unforgettable mentions during the history of the parliament.

The second parliamentary election is expected in April or March. PPM is in the process of nominating candidates for party primary under strict criterion. There are several rumors within PPM members about nominating candidates.

Some people say PPM would like to offer tickets to ladies if there is a single lady candidate applied for a constituency. Others say they would like to disqualify candidates whom the party council is not happy with. Another rumor says PPM wants to offer automatic nominations for existing parliament members. A close ally of PPM Athifa Shakoor said  she will try to get seats for ladies wherever possible. In the meantime, Raajje TV News reported an incident at Laamu Kunahandhoo where members stood against PPM for unfair nomination of candidates.

It is said the rumors continued till President Maumoon finally blew the whistle and ordered to offer tickets to all eligible candidates. President Maumoon made the decision at the very right time when their is absolute need for intervention.

Whatever the case, the rumors give us room to assume there is every prejudice towards nomination.

MDP has elected candidates through party primary. They did not have criterion for primary nomination and all eligible candidates were registered for polling. However, they too had several difficulties. Candidates were extremely unhappy with electorate and several versions came out before polling. Incidents of fighting were reported and even ballot boxes were burnt.

Addu City Feydhoo MDP polling held on an invalid electorate. According to report published by Addu City Feydhoo Polling Focal Point Mr Abdulla Saeed, 'polling was held under a threatened environment where people had no guarantee of their safety'.

Members and Their Feelings

Kunahandhoo members coming against the party was not a joke. It was a matter to think seriously.

I believe it is high time for PPM to look into similar matters and work closely with members. According to members, relationship between party leadership and them has got every room for improvement. Voice of members in the islands are usually not heard and even proper instruction are not conveyed to members, even on  important events like election. However, the loyalty of members of PPM is surprisingly high, I believe.

Coming to MDP, the scenario is very different. The party leadership is structurally knitted into every fabric of the party. Though it is Male or Baarah, Addu City or Nolhivaram it is perfectly same and every island performs strictly as per MDP philosophy. President Nasheed seems to be having extraordinary ability to re-stitch every fabric whenever and wherever it is torn out.


Does MDP Inculcate Better Democratic Values Than PPM?



President Gayyoom ratified the poplar green constitution of Maldives during his last term of presidency that succeeded the proliferation of liberal democracy in the Maldives. President Nasheed, the leader of MDP, was the first democratically elected president.

Since 2008 presidential election, two local council elections and one parliamentary election was held. If we look at the statistics of the three elections, we understand MDP-won-elections comparatively increased. It is said the number of true MDP members also increased tremendously.

Local Councils

At the first local council election during 2008, PPM won almost all the atolls. It is said  some councils tried to institutionalize their councils as self-governing states like federations while Maldives is a unitary state. Maldives, as a unitary state, governs on a single unit where central government is supreme and administrative governments exercise powers it's central government chooses to delegate. I believe the purpose of the Local Government Act does not mean to give autonomy to local governments but to pave ways to exercise powers delegated to them.

President Nasheed then established institutions called 'Gaumee Idhaaraa'. The intention was to harmonize conflicts between  councils and central government. However, the institutions did not function as expected. Councils considered them extra layer of bureaucracy and wanted to bypass them. I believe Maldivians by nature love quick fixes and always want royal roads to walk on.

After Nasheed administration, President Waheed abolished Gaumee Idhaaraa on the very next day. Even then it does nor seem the councils performed any better. I believe neither the councils nor the government succeeded in meeting peoples' expectations during local governments' first term.

The results of local council election for the second term came out with a very different picture. This time MDP won fairly handsome portion of seats.  PPM, though in power, succeeded comparatively very less. The number of seats won by the JP was also significant while Adhaalath and MDA won few seats.

Parliament

First parliamentary election after the arrival of democracy was held in 2009. MDP, while in power, did not win the majority. The opposition DRP got the most seats. Neither ruling party nor opposition got clear majority. After sometime DRP was divided into two and there emerged a new party called PPM within DRP. Since then, DRP started fading the shining rays and today it is doubtful if it is going to long last any more.

After sometime, parliament members from PPM joined MDP and their voice became louder and stronger in the parliament. MDP members' hostile confrontation and refusal to listen presidential address by President Waheed during 2012 and 2013 were unforgettable mentions during the history of the parliament.

The second parliamentary election is expected in April or March. PPM is in the process of nominating candidates for party primary under strict criterion. There are several rumors within PPM members about nominating candidates.

Some people say PPM would like to offer tickets to ladies if there is a single lady candidate applied for a constituency. Others say they would like to disqualify candidates whom the party council is not happy with. Another rumor says PPM wants to offer automatic nominations for existing parliament members. A close ally of PPM Athifa Shakoor said  she will try to get seats for ladies wherever possible. In the meantime, Raajje TV News reported an incident at Laamu Kunahandhoo where members stood against PPM for unfair nomination of candidates.

It is said the rumors continued till President Maumoon finally blew the whistle and ordered to offer tickets to all eligible candidates. President Maumoon made the decision at the very right time when their is absolute need for intervention.

Whatever the case, the rumors give us room to assume there is every prejudice towards nomination.

MDP has elected candidates through party primary. They did not have criterion for primary nomination and all eligible candidates were registered for polling. However, they too had several difficulties. Candidates were extremely unhappy with electorate and several versions came out before polling. Incidents of fighting were reported and even ballot boxes were burnt.

Addu City Feydhoo MDP polling held on an invalid electorate. According to report published by Addu City Feydhoo Polling Focal Point Mr Abdulla Saeed, 'polling was held under a threatened environment where people had no guarantee of their safety'.

Members and Their Feelings

Kunahandhoo members coming against the party was not a joke. It was a matter to think seriously.

I believe it is high time for PPM to look into similar matters and work closely with members. According to members, relationship between party leadership and them has got every room for improvement. Voice of members in the islands are usually not heard and even proper instruction are not conveyed to members, even on  important events like election. However, the loyalty of members of PPM is surprisingly high, I believe.

Coming to MDP, the scenario is very different. The party leadership is structurally knitted into every fabric of the party. Though it is Male or Baarah, Addu City or Nolhivaram it is perfectly same and every island performs strictly as per MDP philosophy. President Nasheed seems to be having extraordinary ability to re-stitch every fabric whenever and wherever it is torn out.


Friday, January 31, 2014


A simple Google search describes computer based learning as 'employing information and communication technologies to deliver instruction. computer based learning is a term frequently used interchangeably with distance learning, online learning, e-learning, or Web-based learning'.

Advantages of online or computer-based learning
  1. Class work can be scheduled around work and family
  2. Reduces travel time and travel costs for off-campus students
  3. Students may have the option to select learning materials that meets their level of knowledge and interest
  4. Students can study anywhere they have access to a computer and Internet connection
  5. Self-paced learning modules allow students to work at their own pace
  6. Flexibility to join discussions in the bulletin board threaded discussion areas at any hour, or visit with classmates and instructors remotely in chat rooms
  7. Instructors and students both report eLearning fosters more interaction among students and instructors than in large lecture courses
  8. eLearning can accommodate different learning styles and facilitate learning through a variety of activities
  9. Develops knowledge of the Internet and computers skills that will help learners throughout their lives and careers
  10. Successfully completing online or computer-based courses builds self-knowledge and self-confidence and encourages students to take responsibility for their learning
  11. Learners can test out of or skim over materials already mastered and concentrate efforts in mastering areas containing new information and/or skills
Disadvantages of online or computer-based learning
  1. Learners with low motivation or bad study habits may fall behind
  2. Without the routine structures of a traditional class, students may get lost or confused about course activities and deadlines
  3. Students may feel isolated from the instructor and classmates
  4. Instructor may not always be available when students are studying or need help
  5. Slow Internet connections or older computers may make accessing course materials frustrating
  6. Managing computer files and online learning software can sometimes seem complex for students with beginner-level computer skills
  7. Hands-on or lab work is difficult to simulate in a virtual classroom
Based on the advantages and disadvantages, a parent or student can decide himself or herself if computer based learning is good for him or her. Every student is unique and computer based learning may be very effective for some students while it is terribly dull for the others.

Computer based learning is successful only when there is extra high level of motivation. Drop out rate is very high among eLearners.

Spend your hard earned money wisely. Invest only if you or your students are determined to succeed.


Is Computer Based Learning Good for Maldives Schools?


A simple Google search describes computer based learning as 'employing information and communication technologies to deliver instruction. computer based learning is a term frequently used interchangeably with distance learning, online learning, e-learning, or Web-based learning'.

Advantages of online or computer-based learning
  1. Class work can be scheduled around work and family
  2. Reduces travel time and travel costs for off-campus students
  3. Students may have the option to select learning materials that meets their level of knowledge and interest
  4. Students can study anywhere they have access to a computer and Internet connection
  5. Self-paced learning modules allow students to work at their own pace
  6. Flexibility to join discussions in the bulletin board threaded discussion areas at any hour, or visit with classmates and instructors remotely in chat rooms
  7. Instructors and students both report eLearning fosters more interaction among students and instructors than in large lecture courses
  8. eLearning can accommodate different learning styles and facilitate learning through a variety of activities
  9. Develops knowledge of the Internet and computers skills that will help learners throughout their lives and careers
  10. Successfully completing online or computer-based courses builds self-knowledge and self-confidence and encourages students to take responsibility for their learning
  11. Learners can test out of or skim over materials already mastered and concentrate efforts in mastering areas containing new information and/or skills
Disadvantages of online or computer-based learning
  1. Learners with low motivation or bad study habits may fall behind
  2. Without the routine structures of a traditional class, students may get lost or confused about course activities and deadlines
  3. Students may feel isolated from the instructor and classmates
  4. Instructor may not always be available when students are studying or need help
  5. Slow Internet connections or older computers may make accessing course materials frustrating
  6. Managing computer files and online learning software can sometimes seem complex for students with beginner-level computer skills
  7. Hands-on or lab work is difficult to simulate in a virtual classroom
Based on the advantages and disadvantages, a parent or student can decide himself or herself if computer based learning is good for him or her. Every student is unique and computer based learning may be very effective for some students while it is terribly dull for the others.

Computer based learning is successful only when there is extra high level of motivation. Drop out rate is very high among eLearners.

Spend your hard earned money wisely. Invest only if you or your students are determined to succeed.


Monday, January 27, 2014


A Union Territory is a type of administrative division in the Republic of India. Unlike states, which have their own elected governments, union territories are ruled directly by the union government, hence the name 'union territory'.

Maradhoo Feydhoo was a separate administrative entity considered as an island before the proliferation of Addu City. With the arrival of Addu City, electoral zones were considered as wards. Since Maradhoo Feydhoo was not a separate electoral zone, Maradhoo and Maradhoo Feydhoo was combined and considered as one ward.

Maradhoo Feydhoo people were not happy with this arrangement of Addu City Council.
On behalf of Maradhoo Feydhoo people, a guy came forward and filed a case at Maradhoo Feydhoo Magistrate Court. He wanted the Magistrate Court to decide that Maradhoo Feydhoo is an administrative entity considered as a separate island.

After few hearings, the case was concluded in favour of the guy and Maradhoo Feydhoo people. The conclusion says that Maradhoo Feydhoo is a separate administrative island of Maldives. Further, it says Maradhoo Feydhoo deserves all jurisdiction of an island of Maldives.

Both the government and local government are aware of the decision but they neither considered Maradhoo Feydhoo as a separate island nor it is given what it legally deserves.

As per the Magistrate Court, Maradhoo Feydhoo is not a part of Addu City even though the former Addu Atoll does not prevail anymore.

Now comes the question where is Maradhoo Feydhoo then? Is it a union territory like Andaman and Minicoy?


Is Maradhoo Feydhoo a Union Territory?


A Union Territory is a type of administrative division in the Republic of India. Unlike states, which have their own elected governments, union territories are ruled directly by the union government, hence the name 'union territory'.

Maradhoo Feydhoo was a separate administrative entity considered as an island before the proliferation of Addu City. With the arrival of Addu City, electoral zones were considered as wards. Since Maradhoo Feydhoo was not a separate electoral zone, Maradhoo and Maradhoo Feydhoo was combined and considered as one ward.

Maradhoo Feydhoo people were not happy with this arrangement of Addu City Council.
On behalf of Maradhoo Feydhoo people, a guy came forward and filed a case at Maradhoo Feydhoo Magistrate Court. He wanted the Magistrate Court to decide that Maradhoo Feydhoo is an administrative entity considered as a separate island.

After few hearings, the case was concluded in favour of the guy and Maradhoo Feydhoo people. The conclusion says that Maradhoo Feydhoo is a separate administrative island of Maldives. Further, it says Maradhoo Feydhoo deserves all jurisdiction of an island of Maldives.

Both the government and local government are aware of the decision but they neither considered Maradhoo Feydhoo as a separate island nor it is given what it legally deserves.

As per the Magistrate Court, Maradhoo Feydhoo is not a part of Addu City even though the former Addu Atoll does not prevail anymore.

Now comes the question where is Maradhoo Feydhoo then? Is it a union territory like Andaman and Minicoy?


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Friday, January 24, 2014


The simple answer may be 'YES'. It does breach constitution again and again.

According to 2007 ratified Civil Service Law, Article 34, Section (Haa), Subsection 6 empowers the Commission to terminate employees if an employee breaches Civil Service law, Regulation and Code of Conduct.


The question here is how does the commission decide if an employee breaches the law? Does the commission empower to decide if an employee breaches the law? Or can the Commission listen Police, Anti-Corruption Commission or Human Rights Commission and decide as per their advice?

The simple answer may be 'No'. Neither Police nor Anti-Corruption Commission or Human Rights Commission are legally empowered to decide breach of law.

2008 ratified Constitution Article 51, Section (Alif) says 'Everyone charged with an offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt, at the court of law'.


Further, Article 268 of the Constitution says, 'all laws of the Maldives must be enacted in accordance with the Constitution. Any law or part of any law inconsistent with this Constitution is, to the extent of its inconsistency, void and of no force and effect. The obligations imposed by this Constitution must be fulfilled. Any conduct contrary to this Constitution shall be invalid'.


Since Civil Service Law was ratified in 2007 and the Constitution was ratified in 2008, it is clearly understood the Constitution supersedes Civil Service Law. The decisions made by the commission thereafter on breach of law and imposing punishment based on these decisions may not be in line with Constitution

I believe it is the responsibility of the Civil Service Commission to make arrangements to amend the law. If not, it may be considered the commission deliberately breaches constitution.

Please note I am not talking about civil service disciplinary procedures. I perfectly agree with civil service code of practice and I understand employees are liable for disciplinary actions when they fail to meet standards. 

My point is that the commission is not empowered to decide if one has breached the law and decisions made by the commission inconsistent with the constitution is invalid and void.


Does Civil Service Commision Breach Constitution?


The simple answer may be 'YES'. It does breach constitution again and again.

According to 2007 ratified Civil Service Law, Article 34, Section (Haa), Subsection 6 empowers the Commission to terminate employees if an employee breaches Civil Service law, Regulation and Code of Conduct.


The question here is how does the commission decide if an employee breaches the law? Does the commission empower to decide if an employee breaches the law? Or can the Commission listen Police, Anti-Corruption Commission or Human Rights Commission and decide as per their advice?

The simple answer may be 'No'. Neither Police nor Anti-Corruption Commission or Human Rights Commission are legally empowered to decide breach of law.

2008 ratified Constitution Article 51, Section (Alif) says 'Everyone charged with an offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt, at the court of law'.


Further, Article 268 of the Constitution says, 'all laws of the Maldives must be enacted in accordance with the Constitution. Any law or part of any law inconsistent with this Constitution is, to the extent of its inconsistency, void and of no force and effect. The obligations imposed by this Constitution must be fulfilled. Any conduct contrary to this Constitution shall be invalid'.


Since Civil Service Law was ratified in 2007 and the Constitution was ratified in 2008, it is clearly understood the Constitution supersedes Civil Service Law. The decisions made by the commission thereafter on breach of law and imposing punishment based on these decisions may not be in line with Constitution

I believe it is the responsibility of the Civil Service Commission to make arrangements to amend the law. If not, it may be considered the commission deliberately breaches constitution.

Please note I am not talking about civil service disciplinary procedures. I perfectly agree with civil service code of practice and I understand employees are liable for disciplinary actions when they fail to meet standards. 

My point is that the commission is not empowered to decide if one has breached the law and decisions made by the commission inconsistent with the constitution is invalid and void.